Fierce fighting is going on across Syria among various factions of rebels and government forces supported by vested international powers. In September a ceasefire deal was reached between Russia, which backs the regime of Bashar al-Assad, and Turkey, which backs the rebels. Resultantly, a demilitarised buffer zone was created to separate rebel and government forces. However, the situation turned violent after a chemical attack was allegedly launched by rebels on the government-held city of Aleppo, injuring about 100 people. Meanwhile, the jihadists of Islamic State (IS) are tormenting American-backed fighters in eastern Syria. Since September the Kurdish-led Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF), supported by hundreds of air strikes, have tried to dislodge IS from Syria but last week, the jihadists took advantage of the fog to counterattack. Over four days 92 members of the SDF were killed, its heaviest losses from a single skirmish since it was formed three years ago. So the rebels in Idlib and IS Jihadists in Eastern Syria are engaged in war with regime forces.
Syria has descended into a war due to the interests of stakeholder states. The main fight is between the two main parties to the conflict, i.e. the Syrian regime and the so-called “legitimate rebel groups”. In essence, it has become more than just a battle between those for or against Mr Assad. A key factor has been the intervention of regional and world powers, including Iran, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Turkey and the United States. Their military, financial and political support for the government and opposition have contributed directly to the intensification and continuation of the fighting, and turned Syria into a proxy battleground.
The uprising in Syria has become the focus of global attention and a big worry for stakeholder states. Amid the growing tension, Syrians are the ultimate sufferers and paying the price for residing in the hotbed of civil-government strife. It is horrible that civilians are coming under the attack of chemical weapons and missiles. The troubled history of Syria and other Middle East states should be an eye-opener for all stakeholders as well as the Muslim world that is playing the role of a silent spectator. History shows that it is not an on-going armed conflict but a compromise that can settle all perpetual disputes. At the international level, efforts are needed to make sure that the troubled Syria does not become an ideal location for global terrorism. The solution lies in avoiding self-centred politics and working for social harmony. All forces and stakeholders should be on board and work for reaching a social compact for progress, prosperity and durable peace in the region. Unity is essential for overcoming the nefarious designs of vested interest elements. Wars, evenly or unevenly matched, yield nothing but death and devastation, the results of which are short and long term, affecting generations of a nation.