Social ethics of North Korea in changing world order
By Abdul Rahman Malik
North Korea is considered to be one of the strongholds of Communist thoughts with too much-closed societies having no say in governance. The Communist approach has messed up the country with malpractices that have eroded human rights in the country and restrict media freedom has put the country on the watch.
The cruel practices and arrogant behaviour of government have earned a bad name globally due to their massive violation of international treaties especially UN regulations to stop nuclear enrichment.
According to history books, North Korea got freedom in 1948 as the bloody Second World War came into the end that devastated the world and brought misery all-around. The founder of North Korea and great leader Kim-II-Sung laid the foundation of Communist politics and that has experienced tremendous growth. The formal name of North Korea is the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea.
History of North Korea is replete with controversial political systems that are heavily criticized throughout the world and it has also several socio-ethical problems. Despite all this, there are some positive practices that make it distinct in the world.
North Korea shares the border with arch-rival South Korea that is an anti-communist country with tremendous success in economic and social development since the South Korean leadership followed the defensive approach whereas, North Korea has always pursued the policy of confrontation that has caused its isolation and regarded as a threat to World Nations.
The Korean War was also the result of these opposing views of the leaders of these arch-rivals that led to war between North and South Korea. The east bloc’s big powers, USSR and China supported North Korea in its invasion on South Korea in 1950 whereas South Korea was supported by the US in its war against North Korea.
It was not a war between two rival approach countries and neighbours but a War between Big Powers of the then world order. US supporting and aiding South Koreans while North Korean win support from communist powers such as China and USSR.
Even in the Afghan War, the US supported the separatist groups and while USSR occupied the country and installed their puppet regime that killed and imprisoned the dissent voices.
It was reported that the US sent about 340,000 troops to defend South Korea against North Korean invasion due to being an anti-communist state that appealed the US to support South Korean Leadership.
These big power players backed war lasted for three years and caused misery and casualties over 2 million that included Military and Civilian casualties.
Finally, a peace agreement reached in 1953 between North and South Korea and the war ended but since then tensions still prevail between these two countries sometimes these tensions lead to the nuclear arms race.
Though the US imposed sanctions on North Korea on multiple occasions yet North Korean leadership maintained its stubborn and non-cooperative attitude towards UN and US sanctions and refused to cooperate with international nuclear watchdog IAEA.
Moreover, the border between South and North Korea is popularly known as the 38th Parallel that has always remained prone to escalation and the leadership of both countries always confront on multiple issues.
These tensions are diffused upon the intervention of big powers i.e US and the pressure from the UN.
The North Korean communist leader Kim II Sung was a populist leader. He had founded the totalitarian society that was based on the principles of self-reliance by taking complete control over the economy, social policy and Diplomacy.
The Freedom of expression was curtailed since he had imposed a restriction on Print, Electronic media – even strict restrictions for foreigners to travel in and out of North Korea. These restrictions were because of maintaining the secrecy of the North Korean Economy and political fabric.
These restrictive foreign Policy and immigration policy isolated the World community from the internal affairs of the North Koreas for a long time. The Human rights defenders raised voice against such authoritarian policy and demanded relief for the public since UN envisages comprehensive Policy under the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR).
The Situation under KIM-II became very challengeable after the disintegration of USSR in 1994 when USSR withdrew its troops from Afghanistan. The disintegration of USSR was a great setback for North Korea since it lost a strong communist supporter. It was compelled to stick to China for Support. The North Korean Economy was severely impacted due to such restrictive policies.
Finally, the Kim Jon Un regime has been very contradictory since his dictatorial policy has earned a bad name for both his country and him internationally owing to his rigorous designs to pursue nuclear capacity and develop nuclear weapons that might be a threat to South Korea and the world community.
North Korea needs to revisit its restricted Policy so that they may change the impression of World in general and South Korea in particular because South Korea has been governed by the anti-communist regime for a long period.
South Korean leadership has time and gain knocked the Door of UN to restrain North Korea from War Mongering and Aggressive Nuclear Weapon manufacturing Spree that might pose grave concern for the world community.
Though Kim Jon and Donald Trump had met to discuss issues the end result was nothing more than handshake since no agreements were signed resulting complete failure of talks.
So in the light of past, It is recommended that North Korea must adopt impartial democratic and Secular views by giving constitutional freedom to every citizen so that grave violation of human rights may be prevented and justice, liberty and freedom expression should be safeguarded so that Press may be independent and may report any incident so that remedial measures could be taken on time.
Ethical decision-making model should be adopted that may help boost the image of North Korea in the world as a peace-loving country since, without peace, no development is possible. Kim’s quest for nuclear capacity may create economic and social problems. Even giving freedom to Press may become disastrous for Kim since his ruling style is authoritarian and despite countless reminders and international pressure to stop secret nuclear tests, he thwarted them intentionally.
So, it is high time that Kim should restore human rights and relax immigration laws on ethical grounds as War is not the solution of all ills. The world should be a peaceful place to live not an arsenal to destroy humanity by the violation of Human rights and compromising liberty and denying justice. The warmongering hampers the development while dialogue will find out the solution that might be acceptable to all. The Peace always attracts foreign investments and brings an economic boom in the country.