Kulbhushan: An agent & a warmonger
By Masud Khabeki
Kulbhushan Sudhir Jadhav (alias Hussain Mubarak Patel) is an Indian national and is a serving Commander in the Indian Navy remained involved in subversive activities in Pakistan. He was arrested on 03 March 2016 in Baluchistan on the charges of terrorism and spying for India’s intelligence agency, the Research and Analysis Wing (RAW) and was sentenced to death by a military court in April 2017. It is pertinent to mention that the Indian Government recognized him as a former Naval Officer but with twisted acknowledgement that he has taken premature retirement and was abducted from Iran.
Kulbhushan was assigned the duty to destabilize Pakistan by strengthening a separatist movement in Balochistan and Karachi and to promote sectarian violence in Pakistan. He engaged in the mission officially in 2013 and actively pursued it until his arrest. During the mission, Kulbhushan adopted a false identity and worked at Gadani under the cover of a scrap dealer. He succeeded to establish a network of operatives, provided funds, arranged to smuggle people into the country for the purpose of terrorism and purchased boats at the Iranian port in Chabahar to target Karachi and Gwadar ports to complete his terrorist plot.
Kulbhushan Jadhav’s goal was to sabotage the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor through propaganda – with Gwadar port as a special target – and also to create disharmony among the Baluch nationalist political parties. He was working closely and provided financial and logistic support to Haji Baluch, the masterminds of the “Safoora bus” attack, where gunmen shot dead 45 Ismaili passengers. Kulbhushan Jadhav also supported Haji Baluch for planning sectarian violence in Karachi and the rest of Sindh. The arrest of Kulbhushan Jadhav’s and the information provided by him during investigation helped to arrest hundreds of undercover operatives across the country bringing down the terrorist attacks to a considerable low since 2006.
Kulbhushan appeared to be a warmonger than a RAW agent or spy. Generally accepted definition of a spy is a person, employed by a government to keep close, secret watch on the actions and obtain information or intelligence about another country or group, usually hostile especially with reference to military or naval affairs. But the activities carried by Kulbhushan clearly depicts him a terrorist and a warmonger as he was involved in the promotion of attacks both on military installations and on public places. He remained involved in acts of terrorism, our country and the people suffered enormously due to his heinous crimes. In his confessional statement Kulbhushan Jadhav himself revealed that he had been directing various activities in Karachi and Baluchistan resulted in the killing of innocent people on the instructions from RAW since 2013 as he had been assigned a clear role to deteriorate law and order situation in Karachi. These activities include anti-national and terrorist in nature targeted to the killing of innocent civilian of Pakistan.
He was instrumental in damaging Pakistan’s economy, trade and political instability. This had affected not only Pakistan’s exports, prevented the inflows of foreign investment, affected the pace of privatization program, slowed the overall economic activity, reduced import demand, reduced tax collection, expenditure over-run on additional security spending and domestic tourism industry suffered badly. Hundreds and thousands of jobs could have been created had economic activity not slowed as well as thousands of jobs were lost because of the destruction of domestic/foreign tourism industry, destruction of physical infrastructure (military and civil) massive surge in security related spending, migration of thousands of people from terrorism affected areas and the associated rise in expenditure to support internally displaced persons.
The direct and indirect cost incurred due to the incidents of terrorism amounted to $ 118.31 billion. The tax collection in the country is badly hit by the menace of terrorism. Almost, $ 3690,941 million was the official estimated cost of the terrorism to physical infrastructure. The amount of compensations paid to the martyrs, injured and deceased only in three years were Rs.166,714 million. Just the installation of extra security measures like installation of security cameras in public places, fencing and barricading has cost Rs.49,655 million. Budget allocations for law enforcement agencies had to be significantly increased due to increase in terrorism in the country. While the total expenditure overrun for various law enforcement agencies rose with enormous rates. Obviously, this loss is not self-inflicted but has been induced by the enemies of Pakistan.
Terrorist activities fueled by Kulbhushan were destabilizing the law and order situation within the country and has taken a huge toll on Pakistan as thousands of Pakistanis lost their lives so far. Terrorism in Pakistan appeared as a major phenomenon from the past decade largely supported by India. The arrest of Kulbhushan is a clear manifestation of Indian support provided to carry out terrorism and sectarian violence in our country as such incidents are on the decline since the arrest of Kulbhushan Jadhav. The recent figures support the fact that this warmonger played havoc with the lives of people with his terrorist activities in our country while he was secretly operating on the Pakistan’s soil with Indian support.
If we analyze the figures showing death toll prior and after the arrest of Kulbhushan, we would reach to the conclusion that once the Indian support declined due to the arrest of Kulbhushan the terrorist activities also declined. For instance, in 2014 the total number of deaths including security personnel and civilians caused in terrorist incidents remained 5496, in the following year of 2015 the deaths caused due to terrorist incidents were recorded as 3682 and subsequently in 2016 it comes to 1803 as Kulbhushan Jadhav was arrested in March of 2016, while in 2017, these figures declined further to 1260 and in 2018 it was 691. The figures recorded in the first 6 months of 2019 are 228.
If we explore the impact of Kulbhushan arrest on the sectarian killing in Pakistan, we could find that the both incidents and death resulting to such incidents have also been on decline. As in 2015, 276 people were killed in 53 attacks while in 2016 only 78 people lost their lives in 29 incidents of sectarian violence. The figures clearly made us to believe that the arrest of Kulbhushan is a big success of our intelligence agencies, they have succeeded in dismantling the network of RAW.
It is pertinent to mention that Pakistan’s ‘war on terror’ has cost $118 billion until November 2016 to the country and caused an unprecedented loss to the motherland. Both economic growth and social sector development have been severely hampered by terrorism-related incidents. Curiously, $118.3 billion, which Pakistan spent on ‘war on terror’, were enough to pay the total loan of Pakistan, if they were not spent to get rid of the menace of terror from country.
Kulbhushan Jadhav have been provided “due legal process” since his arrest and the whole prosecution process is based on the country’s laws, rules and regulations and there was nothing in the legal proceedings that was against the law. He had been provided a defending officer throughout the course of his trial. But, the country’s law has no concessions to elements or misdemeanors who threatened our security and stability, from inside the country or across the border.
There have been few voices raised for the clemency for this warmonger. Those must be viewed according to the prevailing laws as the law does permit to do so. But, the world should realize that how much a nation is suffered with these clandestine activities inflicted upon us in the garb of terrorism that has damaged the economy and diminished the chances to create livelihood for the masses in an under-developed country. The financial institutions including Word Bank, IMF and other institutions including donor countries should come up to ease down the burden of debt that has increased due to the impact of terrorism. The debt either be written-off or the conditions to pay back be re-evaluated to ease the burden of enormous debt caused due to the consequences of terrorism. Our country has struggled and faced a long war against terrorism and clearly on the verge of winning this debacle with dignity and pride though wounded and struggling to pay debt.
Masud Khabeki is adjunct faculty, Criminology at Arid Agriculture University, Rawalpindi